Skip to main content

:Linux: What is ... ?

kernel: The kernel is the core or nucleus of an operating system. Basically, it provides a way for software and other parts of the operating system to communicate with a computer's hardware.

GNU: Part of Richard M. Stallman'sFree Software Foundation, it was founded in 1984 with the goal of creating a totally "free" operating system in which the source code was available to all who were interested.
This was both a technical and political aim. The first Linux kernel (see above) was complied by the GNU C programming language complier, gcc. Many of the first programs to be bound into the fledgling Linux operating system were from the GNU project. For this reason, Stallman insists that the operating system be called "GNU/Linux". The distribution Debian GNU/Linux follows this convention, for example, but most do not. Public use and custom has evolved as such so that most simply call it Linux.

Distribution: An operating system based around Linux Torvalds's Linux kernel. They come in all "shapes and sizes". Many are meant to be installed and be used by professionals on public Internet servers or on graphics rendering farms and other environments. Others are meant to be installed by the general public as an alternative to proprietary operating systems. Each distribution reflects either the needs of its target market, in the case of the commercial distributions or the wishes of its developers, as is the case with distributions created by individuals or non-profit organizations.

ISO images: This is a set of packages programs created to be eventually burned into (ie. copied to) CDs. A Linux distribution (see above) can be obtained by downloading the ISO images offered by companies and organizations and burning them to CDs.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

اهم التطورات العلمية في العام ٢٠١٩

القضاء: لا دليل على أن مقتحمي الكونغرس خططوا لقتل مشرعين

أكد محققو وزارة العدل الأمريكية أنهم لم يجدوا حتى الآن أي دليل على أن أنصار دونالد ترامب الذين هاجموا مبنى الكونغرس الأسبوع الماضي خططوا لاحتجاز مسؤولين منتخبين وقتلهم. يأتي ذلك في الوقت الذي أُوقفت فيه الشرطة، الجمعة، رجلا مسلّحا في واشنطن خلال محاولته عبور إحدى نقاط التفتيش في محيط مبنى الكونغرس حيث ستقام الأربعاء مراسم تنصيب جو بايدن. في ذات الوقت أفادت شبكة NBC الأمريكية، بأن مكتب التحقيقات الفيدرالي يحقق في إمكانية تمويل حكومات أو جماعات اقتحام مبنى الكونغرس. وقالت مصادر للشبكة: "المكتب يحقق في مدفوعات "بيتكوين" بقيمة 500 ألف دولار، يبدو أنه تم تحويلها من قبل مواطن فرنسي، لشخصيات ومجموعات رئيسية يمينية قبل اندلاع أعمال الشغب". وفي جلسة استماع في محكمة أريزونا بشأن اعتقال أحد مثيري الشغب جاكوب تشانسلي الذي يؤمن بنظرية المؤامرة ومن أتباع الحركة اليمينية المتطرفة "كيو-آنون"، تراجع المدعون الفيدراليون عن اتهامات سابقة بأن أنصار ترامب كانوا يخططون "لاحتجاز مسؤولين منتخبين وقتلهم" في هجوم السادس من كانون الثاني/ يناير في واشنطن. ع

Saddam's novel to be published next week

AMMAN, Jordan: Saddam Hussein's family will publish next week a novel written by the ousted Iraqi leader before the US-led war on Iraq, his daughter said on Friday. "Ekhroj minha ya mal'un" whose title could be translated into "Get out, damned one" tells the story of a man called Ezekiel who plots to overthrow a town's sheik, but is defeated in his quest by the sheik's daughter and an Arab warrior. The story is apparently a metaphor for a Zionist-Christian plot against Arabs and Muslims. Ezekiel is meant to symbolize the Jews. Raghad Saddam Hussein said her father finished the novel on March 18, 2003 -- a day before the US-led war on Iraq began -- and had expressed a wish to publish the book under his name. The three other novels he wrote were simply signed "Its author." "It was my father's will to publish this book," Raghad said in a telephone interview. Read more An Iraqi artist designed the book's cover, she said, and a